After World War II, the United States procured countless undertakings to insure that no greater cataclysmic event would propel the people of the world into the grasp of a one-world government.
Effectively, this order sanctioned the identification, deportation, and internment of innocent Japanese Americans in War Relocation Camps across the western half of the United States....
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The paper will focus primarily on the German offensive use of chemical agents (gas) and will discuss the defensive measures of the Allies. The paper will define chemical warfare and explain its early use. It will discuss Germany's use of various chemicals and their delivery systems. It will also mention the number of casualties that Germany caused by using gas and the psychological effect it had on the Allied soldiers. The paper will examine how gas effected several battles. In conclusion, I will discuss the overall effects that gas had on World War I.
The cause of this war cannot be accredited to one single event but rather an assassination of a nation’s leader and many political philosophies including militarism, nationalism, imperialism and the formation of alliances.
With the ignition of the Second World War the poorly equipped and poorly trained Silent Service, nicknamed for the limited access of the media to the actions and achievements of the submarines, would be thrust into the position American submariners had longed for.
Initially, Germany held the lead in chemical agent deployment. From 1915 to 1918, the tactical employment of chemical weapons varied between the belligerents. However, by late 1918, both sides were using similar delivery systems and chemical agents. The effect of gas should be neither belittled nor exaggerated. The numbers of gas casualties were often inflated or decreased, depending on the needs of the moment for propaganda reasons. "The novelty of the weapon, the secretiveness of the chemists, and the inexperience of the troops provided ideal conditions for the growth of legends, for claims and counter-claims, and for assertions that went unchallenged." After the signing of the armistice, the use of chemical agents during World War I caused the public and the military to closely examine them, and prepare for their future use.
Was gas a force multiplier? General John J. Pershing stated "that gas was a significant weapon, but not as a producer of battle deaths." Gas in World War I was an effective weapon because it made combat more difficult. Wearing chemical masks made the firing of weapons difficult. The wearing of masks also hampered the communication system. Chemical warfare also clogged down the Allied logistical system with chemical defence-related equipment instead of offensive equipment. Gas also had a psychological effect on the soldier. The purpose of many of the attacks was to "surprise, shock, and worry the opponent."
The problem associated with having an exact count of causalities was due to several factors. Initially gas casualties were listed as 'other causes' and therefore the exact number of men who were casualties in the early phase of gas usage is relatively unknown. Soldiers also said they had been gassed as an excuse to get a respite from the front-line. Although doctors would eventually determine if soldiers were actually suffering from gas, these men were often recorded in their units' record as being exposed to gas. Thus an exact number of men who were gas casualties and those who were faking it is impossible to determine.
Lastly, the most obvious reason, the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was the cause of the immediate outbreak of the First World War Over time, there were many countries within Europe that had made agreements to defend one another in the case that their country went into battle....
A number of historians have published widely differing estimates on the number of casualties and deaths that German gas usage caused during the war. The numbers for casualties range between 300,000 and 900,000. The number of deaths as compared to casualties varied between countries. Russia probably had the highest death ratio, while the US had the lowest ratio. It is also important that the highest death ratio occurred early in the war, but as the war progressed and defensive measures improved, the ratio decreased.
By looking at the Naval Arms Race, the People’s Revolt in Austria-Hungary and European alliances, it can be shown that national interest was a significant factor in contributing to World War One.