Brown algae, which may be found deeper in the water than green algae,
have combinations of pigments which enable them to photosynthesise
using less of the red light utilised by green plants.
For green plants, including algae, the action spectrum shows that most
photosynthetic activity takes place in blue-violet and orange-red
lights since these are the colours which are mostly absorbed by the
main chlorophylls and the carotenoids.
You can relate these results to Exercise A, Part 3. Remember how it was shown that wavelengths of red (610 - 700 nm) and blue (450 - 500 nm) resulted in the greatest amount of photosynthesis? The same is shown here in the graph - light is absorbed by the pigments better at those wavelengths as compared to others. Green, once again, is absorbed least. It ain't easy being green. ;-)
For photosynthesis to occur, plants need: · Light energy from the sun · Chlorophyll to absorb light energy · Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and from respiration in plant cells · Water which is absorbed by the roots and transported to the leaves by the xylem tubes....
There are four things that are required by the plant before it can carry out photosynthesis, they are light, chlorophyll, carbon dioxide and water ....
The effects of various pH levels on the photosynthesis process of the aquatic plant elodeaThe effects of phosphorous on the photosynthesis of aquatic plantsDoes light affect stem growth?
The Effect of the Type of Soil on the Amount of Chlorophyll in Bean PlantsThe Effects of Wavelengths of Light on Plant Food ProductionEffect of different colors of light on the growth of plants Do plants need sunlight to be green?
Follow in the steps of van Helmont, John Woodward, Joseph Priestley and Jan Ingenhousz and discover photosynthesisIs plant growth affected by exposure to ultraviolet light?
Now, chemists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Virginia Tech have designed two photocatalysts (materials that accelerate chemical reactions upon absorbing light) that incorporate individual components specialized for light absorption, charge separation, or catalysis into a single “supramolecule.” In both molecular systems, multiple light-harvesting centers made of ruthenium (Ru) metal ions are connected to a single catalytic center made of rhodium (Rh) metal ions through a bridging molecule that promotes electron transfer from the Ru centers to the Rh catalyst, where hydrogen is produced.
The Effects of pH Levels and Phosphorous on the Photosynthesis Process of Aquatic PlantsStudy the coniferous spruce tree (Picea glauca as the species of choice) by measuring its lateral and sub-lateral branch angles in order to see how it collects sunlight from various angles on its south-facing side.
Red (610 - 700 nm) and blue (450 - 500 nm) wavelengths are most effective in promoting photosynthesis. Green (500 - 570 nm) light is least effective - it is not absorbed by plants but is reflected which is why green plants appear to be green. The conclusion: different wavelengths of light affect the photosynthetic process. Red and blue light support the highest rates of photosynthesis (although white light causes the most disks to float, remember that white is all wavelengths so it can be expected to result in the highest percentage).
Background information: Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of autotrophs turning carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates and oxygen, using light energy from sunlight.
Photosystems (PS) I and II are large protein complexes that contain light-absorbing pigment molecules needed for photosynthesis. PS II captures energy from sunlight to extract electrons from water molecules, splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen ions (H+) and producing chemical energy in the form of ATP. PS I uses those electrons and H+ to reduce NADP+ (an electron-carrier molecule) to NADPH. The chemical energy contained in ATP and NADPH is then used in the light-independent reaction of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide to sugars.
UPTON, NY—Photosynthesis in green plants converts solar energy to stored chemical energy by transforming atmospheric carbon dioxide and water into sugar molecules that fuel plant growth. Scientists have been trying to artificially replicate this energy conversion process, with the objective of producing environmentally friendly and sustainable fuels, such as hydrogen and methanol. But mimicking key functions of the photosynthetic center, where specialized biomolecules carry out photosynthesis, has proven challenging. Artificial photosynthesis requires designing a molecular system that can absorb light, transport and separate electrical charge, and catalyze fuel-producing reactions—all complicated processes that must operate synchronously to achieve high energy-conversion efficiency.