Survey of the human body functions and their underlying molecular, cellular and integrative mechanisms; Understanding of how we maintain homeostasis and how failure to do so translates into disease; Systems include cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal, blood, immune, reproductive, nervous and endocrine; Mathematical modeling of systems; Non-invasive techniques of measurement of critical body parameters; Quantitative approaches will be stressed including those used in metabolic physiology and bioenergetics.
This course analyzes sociological and cultural aspects of aging from a life course perspective. The course will adopt an intersectional and interdisciplinary approach to examine questions of gender, the body, family, identity, social practices, medical and legal discourses surrounding aging. Specific topics include: Theorizing aging across disciplines (history, demography, economics, anthropology and feminist studies); cultural representations of age and aging (body, self-image advertising, consumer culture and ageism); family structure and intergenerational relationships (social networks, caregiving and grand parenting); later life in a transnational era (questions of identity, ethnicity, nation and transnationalism); the politics of aging; and social policy.
Thus copper is present in enzymes involved in cellular respiration, free radical defence, neurotransmitter function, connective tissue biosynthesis and cellular iron metabolism.