Implementation of a reproductive health communication model called PRACHAR could result in 64 million fewer people being added to the population of India. PRACHAR is a reproductive health communication model found to be successful in delaying age at marriage and onset of childbearing, increasing contraceptive use for spacing of pregnancies, and generating the most positive impact on contraceptive use among the socioeconomically least advantaged. The model was developed and tested in rural Bihar, India.
In Sudan, PMC developed a program where the major emphasis was on female genital mutilation. Before the program, 28% of the adult population thought FGM was a bad idea. After the broadcast, 65% of the population thought the practice should be abandoned.
Dhaka, the government will establish a womens police station in the capital to protect women and children from gender violence and diseases like AIDS. Another such station would be set up in Sylhet. The Minister said Bangladesh is in second position among peacekeeping units of the world due to their performance, including matters of RH, HIV/AIDS and gender issues. To promote the level of performance and the number of participants in UN peacekeeping missions, Bangladesh is promoting Reproductive Health (RH), HIV and Gender Issues through training the law-enforcer unit of Bangladesh in 13 training institutes trained up 123,000 trainees to develop their awareness regarding the issues. Armed forces need HIV awareness as they are "vulnerable" because the youths in law enforcement are away from their families and have lots of opportunities to purchase sex. Bangladesh is surrounded by countries in high risk for HIV. Law-enforcers would transmit their knowledge among people. A number of Bangladeshi law-enforcers would leave for Ivory Coast and the Republic of Congo shortly as part of UN peacekeeping mission.
Liberia's Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf will become the continent's first female president. This follows on the heels of the ratification of the African Union Protocol on Women's Rights. Johnson-Sirleaf called her victory a victory for all African women, and hopes to use feminine sensitivity and maternal nurturing to heal the wounds of the civil war that has brutalised Liberia's population. The UNFPA maintains that "investments in gender equality and reproductive health offer multiple rewards that can accelerate social and economic progress". The growing number of women leaders in Africa can act as a catalyst for policy change. There is a dearth of women in high office but we have witnessed a number of firsts culminating in the Liberian presidency. Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka was the first woman to hold SA's second-highest office, while Luisa Dias Diogo became Mozambique's first female prime minister. Kenyan environmentalist and cabinet minister Wangari Maathai was the first African woman to be awarded a Nobel peace prize, and Senegal's Marie-Angelique Savane was the first female chair of the African Peer Review Panel. Rwanda set a world record last year by electing female parliamentarians to almost half the seats in the national legislature. Women around the continent look to these role models to improve the quality of life of their sisters. Women who produce almost 80% of sub-Saharan Africa's food own only 1% of the land. A consideration of the literacy, education and maternal mortality statistics for African women has led five countries to ratify the women's protocol during the past four months. Its signatories will be under a legal obligation to uphold the broad range of rights of women. The protocol calls for the prohibition of female genital mutilation, and it upholds women's reproductive rights to medical abortion in cases of rape, incest or danger to the mother's life. There are 38 states of the AU that have not ratified the protocol. This is an important first step towards improving women's lives. The female African leaders must pressure their peers to demonstrate the political will to uphold the protocol. Africa herself will move faster towards peace and prosperity.
Sumayah Ali Raja, chair of the Yemen-French Forum, will run in the September 2006 presidential elections. Raja will be the first woman to run for president of Yemen and her candidacy would help all Yemeni women attain their legal and constitutional rights. She called upon the Yemeni political parties and civil society organisations to support her. Prime Minister Abdul-Qader Ba-Jammal encouraged women to fight for their rights, pointing out that Yemen was a country of queens. The prime minister promised that his government would take the conference's recommendations into consideration, and comply with international conventions ratified by Yemen regarding women. He urged political parties to adopt a quota system that would give women 15% of the parliamentary seats. But many others had not expected Raja's announcement. Observers say it was an ideal opportunity to publicise a future female president. It is difficult to sway people about the role of women in society so it will be difficult for them to accept a female president. The Yemeni people and the political elite believe women can hold some high government posts, but not positions of great power. A conference statement noted that "violence against women and unequal opportunity in the Arab world are still prevalent." The participants urged Arab governments that have not ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) to do so immediately. It criticised some signatories for having passed legislation contradicting CEDAW principles. The conference called for actions to guarantee greater female representation in the political process, such as a quota system and the appointment of women to executive and judiciary positions. It urged the improvement of women's education and elimination of the female illiteracy in the Arab world through free and compulsory education. The conference also recommended that civil organisations should be granted a role in drafting legislation and overseeing its implementation. The conference also advocated the "right of return" for Palestinian refugees displaced by Israeli occupation, and the "release of all female Palestinian prisoners from Israeli prisons." It also called for terminating "the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Representatives from Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan took part in the symposium. The symposium's main aim was to unify Arab women, to fight for their legal rights.
Economic concerns also stimulate communication between husbands and wives on family size and contraceptive use. There may be a divergence in opinion on ideal family size and contraceptive use or choice of method, but increasing spousal communication makes it easier for women to convince their husbands about the need for family planning.
Yet only 42% said that they knew anything about emergency contraception (EC), the only method of birth control that can be taken after intercourse. EC can be very effective at preventing pregnancy if taken within five days of unprotected sex. Advance knowledge of EC can help ensure that young people understand the importance of using the method as soon as possible and know where to find it.
Cisgender young women are the ones who tend to get pregnant, so it's easy to understand why so many programs and resources to prevent teen pregnancy and STIs focus on them. But young boys and men also feel the consequences of early parenthood or an STI.
In the DRC, 92% of men surveyed report they have talked with another man about women's rights and the need to prevent sexual and gender-based violence, compared to 56% before the program. In Afghanistan, 51% of male graduates surveyed report they took action to reduce gender-based violence, compared to 13% before the program.
In classes led by local male trainers, men learn and explore ideas of gender and violence using strategies such as role-play, reflective sharing, and small group discussions. Together, they talk about sensitive issues like masculinity, gender-based division of labor, and their role in preventing violence against women and girls.
In 2001, Women for Women International (WfWI) pilot programs were developed in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to create a place for men to explore gender, masculinity, and understand the benefits to families and communities when women are empowered.
Though not all nonresident fathers' children are the result of unplanned pregnancies, the risky sexual behavior scale has the most obvious connection to fatherhood in general - if you're not averse to sexual risk, you may be more likely to cause an unintended pregnancy.
When the female birth control pill was developed in the 1950s, the FDA's controls were far less stringent and the drug was approved pretty hastily. In fact, the pill was first marketed as a treatment for severe menstrual symptoms. Unsurprisingly, there was a sudden, massive uptick in the number of women who reported debilitating periods.